1275 Bloomfield Ave, Fairfield, NJ 07004   -   Tel: (973)299-6100     Fax: (973)807-1921

Hours: Mon - Thu: 7:30am - 5:00pm  - Fri: 7:30am - 4:00pm/ Sat: 8:00am - 1:00pm

Got Big Wood?! From Soft to Hard

Timbers

Why do timbers split and crack?
THE SHORT ANSWER

Splits and cracks (known as ‘checks’ in the industry) occur when wood shrinks as it dries.  Wood shrinks roughly twice as much along the growth rings (radially) as it does across the rings (tangentially)–and it is this uneven shrinkage that causes checks to develop.

We think of them like wrinkles in a cotton shirt—it proves the timber is real.  Checks are what make a solid timber look different from a boxed beam.  It is impossible to predict where a check will appear in a timber, and it is the check that gives the timbers so much of its character–and a big part of what makes it completely unique and different from any other beam in the world.
Click here to learn more about Timbers
Here at Boards & Beams we warehouse a wide variety of Douglas Fir, Oak, Cedar, Pines, Hemlock, Spruce and Cherry timbers.  Depending upon species we can supply you with dimensional Lumber up to 16"x16" and lengths up to 40'. All of our timbers are used in our custom designed Gazebos, Arbors, Pergolas, Cabanas and Front Entrance Portico's.

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WESTERN RED CEDAR


All material can be resawn to any custom size.
Pricing below is for 8' - 20' length timbers
Lengths are sold in increments of 2'


Rough Sawn Western Red Cedar is of high quality and older growth

which is why pricing is more than S4S Western Red Cedar.

- All prices per linear foot -
1 x 3 - $1.62
1 x 4 - $2.18
1 x 6 - $3.26
1 x 8 - $4.34
1 x 10 - $5.42  
1 x 12 - $6.53  

2 x 2 - $2.18
2 x 4 - $4.40

2 x 5 - $5.42
2 x 6 - $6.54
2 x 8 - $8.69
2 x 10 - $10.85
2 x 12 - $13.01

3 x 3 - $4.87
3 x 4 - $6.55
3 x 5 - $9.04
3 x 6 - $9.78
  3 x 8 - $13.03
3 x 10 - $16.27
3 x 12 - $19.51

4 x 4 - $8.69  
4 x 6 - $13.01
4 x 8 - $17.35
4 x 10 - $21.72  
4 x 12 - $26.03  
5 x 5 - $13.57

6 x 6 - $19.54
6 x 8 - $26.02
6 x 10 - $32.53  
6 x 12 - $39.01  
8 x 8 - $32.03
8 x 10 - $43.37  
8 x 12 - $52.04  
10 x 10 - $50.03    
10 x 12 - $65.05    
12 x 12 - $72.04    

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HEMLOCK/SPRUCE/PINE


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*Additional 30% charge will be applied for material 22' or longer*
Lengths are sold in increments of 2'


Rough Sawn Pine/Hemlock/Spruce Timbers. May or may not contain saw kerf/circular saw marks.

- All prices per linear foot -
1 x 3 - $0.55
1 x 4 - $0.76
1 x 6 - $1.02
1 x 8 - $1.38
1 x 10 - $1.70  
1 x 12 - $2.13  

1 x 14 - $2.74  
​1 x 16 - $3.55  
2 x 2 - $0.74
2 x 4 - $1.52

2 x 5 - $2.00
2 x 6 - $2.20
2 x 8 - $2.75
2 x 10 - $3.41  
2 x 12 - $4.25  

2 x 14 - $5.48  
2 x 16 - $7.12  
3 x 3 - $1.80
3 x 4 - $2.40
3 x 5 - $3.00
3 x 6 - $3.60
  3 x 8 - $4.80  
3 x 10 - $6.00  
3 x 12 - $7.20  

4 x 4 - $3.33  
4 x 6 - $5.00  
4 x 8 - $6.67  
4 x 10 - $8.33    
4 x 12 - $10.00  
5 x 5 - $5.83  

6 x 6 - $8.40  
6 x 8 - $11.20
6 x 10 - $14.00  
6 x 12 - $16.80  
8 x 8 - $14.93
8 x 10 - $18.67  
8 x 12 - $22.40  
10 x 10 - $23.33    
10 x 12 - $28.00    
12 x 12 - $33.60    

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OAK


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Rough Sawn Oak comes from our GREEN inventory of Oak Timbers
Lengths are sold in increments of 2'


Rough Sawn Oak is also used for Trailer Decking Boards - 3-5 Day Lead time.

Boards may contain splits and checks. Wood is not air dried nor Kiln Dried. Wood is GREEN.

- All prices per linear foot -
2 x 4 - $2.00
2 x 6 - $3.00
2 x 8 - $4.00
2 x 10 - $5.00  
2 x 12 - $6.00  

3 x 4 - $3.00
3 x 6 - $4.50
  3 x 8 - $6.00  
3 x 10 - $7.50  
3 x 12 - $9.00  

4 x 4 - $4.00  
4 x 6 - $6.00  
4 x 8 - $8.00  
4 x 10 - $10.00    
4 x 12 - $12.80    

6 x 6 - $9.00  
6 x 8 - $12.00
6 x 10 - $15.00  
6 x 12 - $19.20  

8 x 8 - $16.00
8 x 10 - $20.00  
8 x 12 - $25.60  
10 x 10 - $25.00    
12 x 12 - $36.00    
14 x 14 - $52.27    

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DOUGLAS FIR


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Rough Appearance Grade Douglas Fir Timbers
Lengths are sold in increments of 2'


2-4 Week Lead Times

- Priced Per Board Foot -

$3.50/Board Foot - Most Sizes

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CHERRY

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CYPRESS


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 We also carry Cherry Hardwood Dimensional
Lumber in our hardwoods section

- Price per linear foot -

8 x 8 - $16.00

While supplies last! 
These are the only Cypress timbers we have in stock

- Price piece price -

6 x 12 x 16' - $363.84/ea

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GREENHEART


The most durable, decay resistant lumber on the planet. Great for outdoor projects like Pergolas, Arbors, Bridges and much more. Greenheart will never rot.

We can custom cut timbers to any size.


$5.00 per board foot
Call for availability
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT TIMBERS:


WHY DOES WOOD SHRINK?


It sometimes surprises people to learn that roughly half of a living tree’s weight is water.  Let’s consider a 24’ long Douglas Fir log that measures 34” diameter at the large end and 14” at the small end as an example.  This hypothetical green (wet) log would contain a little over 1 ton of water—or about five 55 gallon drums of water.  
Sometimes when we drive a chisel into green (wet) timber, water spurts out of the wood.  Wood is hydroscopic—meaning it’s like a sponge in that it can absorb, hold and release water.  When freshly cut, approximately half of a tree’s weight is water.  

The photograph below shows water in a freshly cut Cypress timber–and how the timber is drying from the outside in.


HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE A TIMBER TO DRY?

It’s not exactly a fast process, and it depends on the humidity of the environment in which the timber is located, but one rule of thumb is that a timber air dries about 1” per year.  Thus a 12” x 12” timber would take about 6 years to dry to the center.

HOW WET (OR DRY) ARE MY TIMBERS?

Since we can’t see the water in wood, moisture meter are used to measure moisture content.  Inexpensive moisture meters measure the surface moisture content—which works ok for 3/4” boards, but not 8” thick timbers.  Professional moisture meters use electromagnetic scanning to read the moisture in the wood, not on the surface of the beam.


MOST TIMBER FRAMES ARE BUILT FROM GREEN (WET) WOOD:

It is impractical (it takes years) to air dry timber, and we humans
are an impatient species, so for the last two thousand years,
people have been building timber frames from green (wet) timber.
 Yes, green timber will shrink, check, and sometimes twist as it dries,
but timber framers and engineers understand and account
for the movement.  
Checks begin on the exterior surface of a
timber and almost always stop at the heart (center) of the timber,
and are almost never a structural concern.  By the way,
if a crack were to develop all the way through a timber (splitting it into two separate pieces), it would be called a split–and
might be cause for concern.


I DON’T WANT CRACKS (CHECKS) IN MY TIMBERS. WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS?

Don’t build with solid timber.  Instead, ask for glulam beams for the timber frame, or to fabricate box beams from well-dried new or reclaimed lumber.
Or if you’re ok with some checks, but would prefer to avoid some of the characteristics of green lumber, consider purchasing your timber like you do your high-quality organic cotton t-shirts–pre-shrunk.  One option to buying dried timbers are: reclaimed wood that’s dried slowly and naturally for 50 or 100 years during its previous life as a barn or warehouse.